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According to 2002 Uganda Population and Housing Census, Budaka district had a total population of 136,475 of which 65,806 were males and 70,669 were females. The total population of the district is distributed in 26,655 households. Therefore, the household size is 5.1 compared to 4.7 people for Uganda. The population of Budaka district forms 0.56 percent of the national population of 24,227,300 people. This implies that in every 200 people living in Uganda, one person is from Budaka district.  

To formulate the present and future development programmes, there is need to know the size of the population, the population growth rate and quality of the people. The population growth should be in tandem with economic growth path and development if the district is to experience exponential growth trajectory.

The District population has continued to grow overtime as indicated in table 1.1 and figure 3. The censuses undertaken since 1980 to 2002 reveal that the District population grew from 77,474 people where 37,623 were males and 39,851 females in 1980 to 136,475 people where 65,806 were males and 70,669 were females in 2002. In a period of 22 years, the population had almost doubled. This population is projected to be 178,800 people where 86,200 are to be males and 92,600 will be females in 2012. The trend line displayed in figure 3 reveal that the population will continue to grow as indicated. The gender dimension in population growth reveal that the District will experience higher numbers of females compared to males as indicated in figure 3. The trend line shows positive growth overtime for both male and female population.

Population distribution by age groups
The population distribution by age group is presented in table 1.3 for the district. It can be observed from table 1.3 and figure 4 that  the broad age group described as under 18 years forms 58 percent of the population, being the highest. The lowest is under one year which forms 5 percent and above 60 years which forms 6 percent of the total population. The most active population is in the average age group described as above 18 years. This forms 42 percent of the total population.

Population growth rate
It should be noted that overtime, the population of Budaka district has continued to grow in numbers as reflected in the census years of 1980, 1991 and 2002 as indicated in table 1.1. With the growth rate of 2.8 percent, the population is capable of doubling in a period of 25 years, keeping population influencing factors in the district the same over the stated time.

Population density
Budaka is regarded as a high population density district as shown in the District density map in figure 2. The District population density as per 2002 population census is 372 persons per square kilometre compared to the National population density of 124 persons per square kilometre. This is almost three times less than the District population density. In Budaka district, on average, over 300 persons live on one square kilometre of land.  It can be observed from table 1.4 that five out of the eight sub-counties have their population densities in the range of 315 and 389 persons per square kilometre. These sub-counties include; Kamonkoli, Iki-iki, Kaderuna, Budaka sub-county and Budaka Town Council.  Naboa and Kameruka are considered the medium population density sub-counties with the population densities in the ranges of 248 and 314 square kilometres. Lyama has the lowest population density in the range of 70 and 247 square kilometres.

Population distribution by ethnic groups
Compared to Uganda, Budaka district is not ethnically diverse. The population in Budaka district during 2002 census was classified by their ethnic groups as outlined in the 1995 Constitution of Uganda. Table 1.5 reveals that the largest ethnic group in the District is the Bagwere (indigenous of the district) comprising of 82.2 percent, followed by Banyole with 8.5 percent and Iteso which forms only 2.7 percent of the total population of the District. Tale 1.5 reveals that the District had different ethnic groups but the majority is the native who make mobilization and planning for the population easy when one has to use one language. The minority ethnic tribes in Budaka district include: Basoga (2.2%), Bagisu (1.6%), Banyala (0.8%), Baganda (0.6%), Jopadhola (0.6%), Basamia (0.1%) and Bakenyi (0.1%).

Religious denominations in Budaka district
Almost all religious denominations are represented in Budaka district. The dominant religions as shown in table 1.6 are; the Anglican (44%), Catholics (28%), Muslims (25%). People who describe themselves as none religious/traditionalist form the smallest percentage of 0.05.